Although the tools might not be universal, the concepts are.
Using the command line tool has one drawback – in order to check to see if you have updates, you have to run it manually.
Let’s take a look at how to update your system with the help of Apt.
Learn how to install a kernel on a system that doesn't matter. This is obviously a very short guide; only use in conjunction with a more thorough guide such as The Linux Kernel HOWTO 1.
Download the latest kernel from The kernel comes as a 20 to 30 MB or tar.bz2 file.
In fact, some distributions are distinctly different down to the type of file types they use for package management.