Most of the federal, state, and local statutes are enforced primarily by specific agencies.Common law claims must be entered through the state courts, which enforce such claims.
Health and safety regulations set forth standards that employers must follow to protect workers from exposure to chemicals and other toxic substances; unsafe noise levels; unsafe work practices; and unsafe heat, cold or ventilation conditions.
The regulations may require protective clothing for certain types of work and may also require employers to provide certain medical tests (e.g. Complaints for violations of these laws may be filed with Maryland Occupational Safety and Health (MOSH).
Under this Act, employees who are unrepresented have the right to join together to form a union or seek to have an existing labor organization represent them without fear of retribution by the employer.
If a majority of employees select the labor organization to represent them, the NLRB will certify the organization and require the employer to bargain with this group regarding wages, hours and other terms and conditions of employment.
The Act requires employers in certain circumstances to make reasonable accommodations for disabled individuals so these individuals may be able to perform the essential functions of a job.